|Ejercicios resueltos||True or false|
The Travels of Marco Polo was a book conceived in a prison cell in Genoa (Italy) in 1298. A few years earlier, in 1292, after a twenty-four year journey, Polo had returned to the West from Kublai Khan's Eastern empire. Polo' s book was an account of this vast empire having a stage of civilization far more advanced than anything Europeans could imagine.
In medieval times Europe was plagued by inept and corrupt leaders, misguided Crusades, the Black Death, hunger and lack of hygiene. To this grim reality, Polo introduced Kublai Khan, a model statesman who presided wisely over a huge empire with fantastic cities, advanced technology and transportation systems. This was a place where everything that Europe did not have and greedily desired could be found. However, many people questioned the authenticity of Polo' s accounts and even took them to be fairytales. But much of what Polo wrote, regarded with suspicion in medieval times, was confirmed by travellers of the 18th and 19th centuries, and most of the detail has since been corroborated by historians and geographers.
Fiction or not, Polo's book has captured readers for centuries. Although its author received little recognition in life, he was capable of comprehending cultures completely alien to his own. Today no one can fail to appreciate the book's celebration of the heterogeneity of nature, geography and, above all, people. Races are differentiated but not denigrated and the customs of different cultures are met with enthusiastic curiosity, not with the prejudice prevalent in Europe at that time.
Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
Marco Polo wrote his book during his famous journey to the East
Experts have proved that all the information included in PoloÂ´s book was invented
ExplicaciÃ³n: Para la primera afirmaciÃ³n el pÃ¡rrafo relevante es:
La afirmaciÃ³n es falsa ya que Marco Polo escribiÃ³ su libro en 1298, seis aÃ±os despuÃ©s de su viaje a Oriente. Esta informaciÃ³n la leemos en la frase siguiente, que nos explica que Marco Polo regresÃ³ del imperio del Kublai Khan en 1292, tras permanecer en Oriente veinticuatro aÃ±os.
Mientras que para la segunda es:
"But much of what Polo wrote, regarded with suspicion in medieval times, was confirmed by travellers of the 18th and 19th centuries, and most of the detail has since been corroborated by historians and geographers"
La afirmaciÃ³n es falsa ya que mucho de lo que Marco Polo escribiÃ³ ha sido corroborado no sÃ³lo por futuros viajeros sino tambiÃ©n por historiadores y geÃ³grafos. AÃºn y asÃ, el texto explica que en la Ã©poca medieval sÃ se creÃa que Marco Polo podÃa haber inventado sus relatos.