|Ejercicios resueltos||Write in your own words|
The England football manager, Sven-GÃ¶ran Eriksson, believes that modern football matches are not won on the ground, but inside the players' minds. This film examines not just how Eriksson got inside his players' brains, but how he is now starting a revolution in English football thinking.
Eriksson's plan has two critical elements: to eliminate the harmful effects of the fear of failure from the minds of the England players, and to encourage them to train mentally as well as physically to reach the highest levels of performance.
Psychologists from some of Britain's most prestigious universities believe anxiety and the fear of failure can make top professionals perform like amateurs. Medical surveys show that people use different parts of the brain to perform actions which they are learning and those which are instinctive. If the brain goes back to its learning mode, that 89th minute penalty kick goes right over the bar.
Eriksson has another psychological tactic: as he is not there on the field, he relies on “cultural architects”: players whose thinking is so close to their manager's that they obey him without even realising they are doing so. The captain, David Beckham, is clearly one of these "architects."
Sports psychology cannot predict whether England will win the World Cup. However, it does show that England is going into a major competition with an unprecedented degree of psychological preparedness.
In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. (?)
a) Why is the mind of the football players important for their performance?
According to the text, the mind of the players is vital for their performance because feelings such as fear of failure or anxiety can be very harmful and can make them perform as if they were amateurs instead of professionals, even to the extent of not converting a penalty.
Ayuda: Ericksson opina que es necesario “entrenar” tambiÃ©n la mente de los jugadores ya que el miedo al fracaso o la ansiedad son factores que pueden reducir su rendimiento dentro del campo.
Vocabulario: according to: segÃºn; instead of: en vez de; even: incluso; to the extent: hasta el extremo.
b) How does Ericksson carry his thinking onto the field?
Ericksson chooses players whose thinking is very close to his own. That way, once they are in the field, they obey him without even noticing it, carrying his own ideas onto the field. He calls these players “cultural architects” and he relies on them once the match has started.
Ayuda: la respuesta la encontramos en el cuarto pÃ¡rrafo que explica las tÃ¡cticas que utiliza Ericksson cuando sus jugadores estÃ¡n en el campo. EstÃ¡ tÃ¡ctica se basa en confiar en jugadores cuyo pensamiento es muy cercano al suyo y por lo tanto le obedecen aÃºn sin darse cuenta de que lo estÃ¡n haciendo.
Vocabulario: close: cercano; to his own: al suyo propio; once: una vez que; noticing: darse cuenta; rely on: depender de.